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Product name: Chitosan
CAS Number: 9012-76-4
Molecular formula: (C6H11NO4)N
Grade: Medicine/Food/Industrial/Agricultural Grade
Properties: Offwhite, innocuous, flavorless, amorphous and semitransparent solid, soluble in acid, insoluble in water and alkalis or ordinary organic solvents, decomposed at 185°C.
| Product Name||Chitosan |
| Synonyms||Chitosan from shrimp shells ;KiOmedine-CsU? B;KiOmedine-CsU?A;Chitosan (200-600mPa.s, 0.5% in 0.5% Acetic Acid at 20deg C);Chitooligosaccharide: Chitosan oligomer;Oligochitosan;Water soluble Chitosan;Chito-oligosaccharide (COS) |
| CAS||9012-76-4 |
| MF||C6H11NO4X2 |
| MW||161.16 |
| EINECS||222-311-2 |
Chitosan is a linear polysaccharide composed of randomly distributed β-(1-4)-linked D-glucosamine (deacetylated unit) and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (acetylated unit). It is made by treating shrimp and other crustacean shells with the alkali sodium hydroxide.
Chitosan has a number of commercial and possible biomedical uses. It can be used in agriculture as a seed treatment and biopesticide, helping plants to fight off fungal infections. In winemaking it can be used as a fining agent, also helping to prevent spoilage. In industry, it can be used in a self-healing polyurethane paint coating. In medicine, it may be useful in bandages to reduce bleeding and as an antibacterial agent; it can also be used to help deliver drugs through the skin.
Medicine, health care products:
Chitosan is useful in promoting tissue growth in tissue repair and accelerating wound-healing and bone regeneration. Chitosan also can be incorporated into hydrogels and microspheres which demonstrate large potential in delivery systems for drugs, proteins or genes.
- Drug and cell delivery
- Wound and bone healing
- Surgical sutures
- Skin treatments
Chitosan has a strong positive charge helps it bind to fats and cholesterol and initiates clotting of red blood cells.Also can be used as food additive.
- Cholesterol-lowering effects.
- Fiber and weight loss effects.
Chitosan is an ecologically friendly biopesticide substance that boosts the innate ability of plants to defend themselves against fungal infections, also can be used as soil improvement agent, seed treatment and plant growth enhancer.
Chitosan's strong positive charge allows it to bind to negatively charged surfaces such as hair and skin which makes it a useful ingredient in hair and skin products.